STATISTICSCriminal domestic violence statistics vary depending upon the person/company or group collecting the information. Police statistics will not be the same as local shelters, due to the fact that many victims choose not to report their victimization. College campus's may not define domestic violence to include dating situations, so their statistics will be skewed accordingly. Therefore we suggest that you take these variables into consideration when you are reviewing statistical facts about domestic violence.
- One in every four women will experience domestic violence in her lifetime.
- It is estimated that 1.3 million women are victims of physical assault by an intimate partner each year.
- Females who are 20-24 years of age are at the greatest risk for intimate partner violence.
- 95% of men who physically abuse their partners also psychologically abuse them.
- Women who earn 65% or more of their households' income are more likely to be psychologically abused.
Domestic Violence and Pregnancy
- Researchers estimate that approximately 8% of the female population are subjected to physical violence during their pregnancy.
- Up to 70% of women who are abused before pregnancy continue to be abused throughout their pregnancy.
- Physical violence tends to intensify after the abuser learns of the pregnancy.
Dating Violence/Teen Violence
- 13% of teenage girls who are hurt in a relationship report being physically hit or hurt.
- 54% of all rape cases occur before victims reach 18 years of age.
- Almost one in five teenage girls report that their boyfriend threatened violence or self-harm when presented with a break-up.
- One in four teen girls who are in a relationship report being pressured into performing oral sex or engaging in sexual intercourse.
- One in five teens in a serious relationship reports having been hit, slapped or pushed by a partner.
- A study of 8th and 9th graders found that 25% have been victims of nonsexual dating violence, and 8% have been victims of sexual dating violence.
- 26% of teen girls in a relationship report enduring repeated verbal abuse.
- Over 30% of teenagers do not share with anyone the abuse that has occurred by their partner - less than 3% report the violence to police or another authority figure and only 3% tell a family member about the abuse.
Sexual Assault and Stalking
- One in six women and one in thirty-three men have experienced an attempted or completed rape.
- Nearly 7.8 million women have been raped by an intimate partner at some point in their lives.
- One in twelve women and one in forty-five men will be stalked in their lifetime.
- More than one million women and nearly half a million men are stalked each year.
- 78% of stalking victims are females and 87% of the perpetrators are male.
- On average, stalking continues for 1.8 years; 2.2 years if the stalking involves intimate partners.
- Every 2.5 minutes someone in the US is sexually assaulted.
- 62% of sexual assaults are not reported to the police.
- Marital rape accounts for 24% of all rapes, affecting over 75,000 women each year.
- Between 10% and 14% of married women will be raped at some point during their marriages.
- 81% of women stalked by a current or former intimate partner are also physically assaulted by that partner; 31% are also sexually assaulted by that partner.
Domestic Violence and Disabilities
- Women with disabilities have a 40% greater risk of violence, especially severe violence, than women without disabilities.
- Studies estimate that 80% of disabled women have been sexually assaulted.
- Women with disabilities are three times more likely to be sexually assaulted than women without disabilities.
Economic Impact of Domestic Violence
- Intimate partner violence exceeds $5.8 billion each year, $4.1 billion of which is for direct medical and mental health services.
- Victims of intimate partner violence lost almost 8 million days of paid work as a result of the violence perpetrated against them by current or former abusers. This loss is equivalent to more than 32,000 full-time jobs and almost 5.6 million days of household productivity because of the violence.
- There are 16,800 homicides and 2.2 million (medically treated) injuries due to intimate partner violence annually, which costs $37 billion.
- Between 35% and 56% of victims of intimate partner violence are harassed at work by their abusers.
- Over 1.75 million workdays are lost as a result of domestic violence each year.
- Domestic violence results in $3 to $5 billion lost annually in absenteeism, decreased productivity, and health and safety costs.
- Many domestic violence victims report that they have lost a job due to domestic violence.
- Approximately one-quarter of all physical assaults, one-fifth of all rapes, and one-half of all stalkings perpetrated against females by intimate partners are reported to police.
Pets and Domestic Violence
- 71% of pet owners entering domestic violence shelters report that their abuser had threatened, injured or killed family pets.
- On study found that 87% of batterer-perpetrated incidents of pet abuse are committed in the presence of their partners for the purpose of control or revenge.
- Studies show that up to 76% of the batterer-perpetrated pet abuse incidents occur in the presence of children.
Local Battered Women's Shelter StatisticsStatistics for the Summit and Medina County Battered Women's Shelter are published annually in the agency newsletters.
Sources of these statistics
National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (2008), Retrieved September 8, 2008 from www.ncadv.org.
Ascione, F.R., Weber, C.V. & Wood, D.S. (1997). The abuse of animals and domestic violence: A national survey of shelters for women who are battered. Society & Animals 5(3), 205-218.
Brownbridge, Douglas. (2006) "Partner Violence Against Women With Disabilities: Prevalence, Risk and Explanations." Violence Against Women. (12)9.
Catalano, S.M. (2005) National Crime Victimization Survey, U.S. Department of Justice.
Children Now, Kaiser Permanente Poll, December 1995.
Christian Molidor, et. Al., Gender and Contextual Factors in Adolescent Dating Violence, February 2000.
Costs of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States. 2003. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Centers for Injury Prevention and Control. Atlanta, GA.
Foshee, V.A. et al. The Safe Dates Project: Theoretical Basis, Evaluation Design, and Selected Baseline Findings. Youth Violence Prevention: Description and baseline data from 13 evaluation projects (K. Powell, D. Hawkins, Eds.). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Supplement, 1996, 12 (5), 39-47
Gazmararian J., et al. (1996) "Prevalence of Violence Against Pregnant Women." Journal of the American Medical Association. 275 (24).
Hayes, H.R., and Emshoff, J.G. (1993) "Substance Abuse and Family Violence." Issues in Children's and Families' Lives. 7: 281-310.
Henning, K. & Klesges, L.M. (2003). Prevalence and Characteristics of Psychological Abuse Reported by Court-Involved Battered Women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18(8), 857-871.
Kaukinen, C. (2004). Status Compatibility, Physical Violence, and Emotional Abuse in Intimate Relationships. Journal of Marriage and Family. 66:452-471.
Liz Claiborne Inc. "Study On Teen Dating Violence." Teenage Research Unlimited, www.loveisnotabuse.com. (February 2005)
Lockyer, B., & O'Connell, J. (2004). A preventable epidemic: Teen dating violence and its impact on school safety and academic achievement. California Attorney General's Office and the California Department of Education.
Moore, M. (1999). "Reproductive Health and Intimate Partner Violence." Family Planning Perspective. 21(6)
National Center For Policy Analysis. Crime and Punishment in America: 1999
No More Factsheet, Liz Claiborne Inc., www.loveisnotabuse.com.
Protection and Advocacy, Inc. (2003) "Abuse and Neglect of Adults with Developmental Disabilities: A Public Health Priority for the State of California."
Quinlisk, J.A. (1999). Animal Abuse and Family Violence. In, Ascione, F.R. Arkow, P., eds.: Child Abuse, Domestic Violence, and Animal Abuse: Linking the Circles of Compassion for Prevention and Intervention. West Lafayette, In: Purdue University Pres, pp. 168-175.
Salamone, Nancy. Domestic Violence - The Power of Financial Self-Sufficiency. Turning the Corner.http://www.turningthecorner.org/articles/dv_rhepoweroffinancialselfsufficiency.htm
Teen Dating Violence Resource Manual, (Denver, National Coalition Against Domestic Violence) 1997. p 17.
Tjaden, Patricia & Thoennes, Nancy. National Institute of Justice and the Centers of Disease and Control and Prevention, "Extent, Nature and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey," (2000)
Tjaden, Patricia & Thoennes, Nancy. (1998). "Stalking In America." National Institute For Justice.
Understanding the Effects of Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking on Housing and the Workplace. New York: Legal Momentum, 2007. http://legalmomentum.org/legalmomentum/files/statistics.pdf
U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, "Intimate Partner Violence in the United States," December 2006.
U.S. Department of Justice, "Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women," November 1998.
U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, "Family Violence Statistics," June 2005.